Altered urobiome associated with incontinence: research

A cross-sectional study finds four species of bacteria 'significantly more abundant'

Bladder bacterial diversity is different for women with urinary incontinence compared  with unaffected women, a study suggests.

urine test

US researchers compared bacteria in the urine of 50 women with stress urinary incontinence, 109 with urgency urinary incontinence and 150 controls, culturing bacteria from 70% of urine samples.

Four species of bacteria were found at significantly higher abundance in the urinary incontinence groups than the control group: Actinotignum schaalii, A. urinae