Depression link to CVD, mortality 'spans North-South divide'

And, across nations, people in urban areas appear to be most at risk, researchers show

Depression raises the risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality both rich and poor nations, and particularly in cities, a study suggests.

heart and ECG

Based on data from nearly 146,000 adults in 21 countries with a median follow up of nine years, risk for combined cardiovascular events and death was 18% higher in people with four or more depressive symptoms compared with no symptoms, researchers report.

The risk rose 23% in urban areas compared with 10% in rural settings in this group, the authors