Hyperglycaemia in people with diabetes 'ups kidney stone risk'
Patients with chronic hyperglycaemia in the form of type 1 or type 2 diabetes have an elevated risk of developing kidney stone disease, a UK study suggests.
The findings, published in BMJ Open, also show that impaired glucose tolerance in patients with metabolic syndrome conveys a similar risk, the researchers say.
In the largest systematic review and meta-analysis to date — 13 studies covering 827,000 study participants — the team analysed data from 28,000 patients with diabetes, 32,000 with metabolic syndrome, and 12,000 with impaired glucose tolerance only.
They found that