Hyperglycaemia in people with diabetes 'ups kidney stone risk'

More studies are needed on primary prevention, say researchers

Patients with chronic hyperglycaemia in the form of type 1 or type 2 diabetes have an elevated risk of developing kidney stone disease, a UK study suggests.

Kidneys

The findings, published in BMJ Open, also show that impaired glucose tolerance in patients with metabolic syndrome conveys a similar risk, the researchers say.

In the largest systematic review and meta-analysis to date — 13 studies covering 827,000 study participants — the team analysed data from 28,000 patients with diabetes, 32,000 with metabolic syndrome, and 12,000 with impaired glucose tolerance only.

They found that

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