The top 8 findings on defaecograms for chronic constipation

This imaging study provides 'a contemporary atlas' mapping the frequencies of various abnormalities, authors say

Functional abnormality is the most common abnormal finding on defaecography in chronic constipation, according to the first study to systematically review the imaging in chronically constipated patients.

toilets - male and female

In addition, the research shows that having more than one structural abnormality is surprisingly common, the UK-led investigators report.

They examined the barium defaecography images of 827 patients (88% female, median age 49 years) presenting at a single tertiary referral centre over a 30-month period with a primary