Water immersion has clear benefits during labour and birth: review

Episiotomy and postpartum haemorrhage are less likely when birthing pools are used in an obstetric setting, researchers find

Water immersion during labour cuts the use of epidurals and injected opioids by more than 80% compared with conventional births, a rigorous review of the literature shows.

Women who birth in water are also more likely to have an intact perineum postpartum and be satisfied with their choice of delivery, according to US and UK researchers.