A GP guide to low back pain management procedures

It’s a common presentation in general practice, and management is aided by judicious use of procedures along with a multidisciplinary approach

Pain management procedures are a diverse group of tools used in unremitting chronic low back pain, most commonly to aid identification of anatomically located contributors to pain, or provide analgesia.

Spondylolysis treatment ct scan
CT of lumbar spine, showing lumbar epidural corticosteroid injection, in a patient with bilateral L4-5 spondylolysis.

Like many other unimodal treatments, pain