Early adulthood obesity predicts disease or death by middle-age

A study of 6500 22-year-old Danish men, who registered for a military board fitness test and were then tracked for 33 years, found obesity in early adulthood increased the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Of the 1.5% (97) classed as obese at 22 years, with a BMI of 30 or more, almost half were diagnosed with diabetes,hypertension, myocardial infarction, stroke, venous thromboembolism, or had died before reaching the age of 55.

The obese men were eight times more likely to develop diabetes as their normal weight peers and four times more likely to have venous thromboembolism. These men were also more than twice as likely to have hypertension, have had an infarct, or to have died.

Every unit increase in BMI corresponded to an increased myocardial infarction rate of 5%, high blood pressure and thrombosis rates of 10%, and an increased diabetes rate of 20%.

Compared to those of normal weight, young obese men were 30% more likely to