The gene genie: CRISPR and the human genome
Just as genetically modified crops have transformed agriculture, gene editing using CRISPR technology is opening bold new frontiers in medical research.
“It’s an extraordinary technology,” says Professor Peter Koopman, from the University of Queensland.
“It’s potentially a major revolution in molecular medicine, in the sense that it would take a lot of guesswork out of drug-based therapies.”
CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats) technology uses an enzyme — Cas9 — to edit genes to alter DNA sequences and modify gene