Music in Australian hospitals is a sound idea

LISTENING to music before, after and even during surgery reduces anxiety and the need for painkillers, according to a study that has prompted an Australian doctor to call for more music in hospital wards.

The Lancet meta-analysis of 70 clinical trials covering some 7000 patients shows music to be a useful analgesic under almost all circumstances.

On a 10-point scale, it reduces post-operative pain by an average of about two points compared with standard treatment, the authors report.

And the benefits hold true across nearly all types of surgery and regardless of the kind of