Supplements produce ‘expensive urine’, not results

Dr Muratore told MO despite being legal, the majority of supplements being utilised by professional athletes — such as protein shakes, amino acids, vitamin supplements and minerals — produced little or no benefit to overall fitness, conditioning and performance.

He also expressed concern players who did not experience expected benefits from supplement products or programs may be tempted to increase their intake to unhealthy levels or even seek out potentially banned substances in order to achieve desired results.

“In effect 90%