Torture underestimated

Australia receives up to 13,000 people each year under the refugee and humanitarian program. In one two-year period, more than 11,000 attended Forum of Australian Services for Survivors of Torture and Trauma agencies.

Dr Amanda Williams, reader in clinical health psychology at University College London, who addressed a conference of the New Zealand Pain Society last week, said it was important for patients to be invited to disclose their history if torture was suspected.

“GPs, unlike pain clinics, do not receive a referral letter